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Republyk der Hebreen (1683-5)

These are copper-plate engravings from a work on the Hebrew Republic published by W. Goeree in Amsterdam. We believe the prints are by one of the premier illustrators of the post-Rembrandt era, Jan Luyken. Luyken was a Mennonite mystic who worked in isolation. He is known for the numerous figures and animals in his prints. He also specialized in capturing men at work in their professions. The prints from this book are small, and yet the detail is remarkable. Price range: $25 - $150.
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Title of Print: "Inwyding der Hebreeuwse Republyk door den zegen en Vloek by de bergen Ebal en Gerizim."
Rough translation: "Consecration of the Hebrew Republic by means of the blessing and curse on the mountains Ebal and Gerizim."
Subject: The detail is incredible. The Ark is in the center surrounded by people. On the sides are women washing clothes, men hauling up what must be the tablets of the 10 Commandments, men writing a text on stone monument, priests at an altar, soldiers on a hill, people lounging, a child playing with a dog, etc..
Page Size:  6.25" x 12"  Image Size: 5.25" x 11.25"  Condition:  fine, rich impression with age-typical browning and a few, near invisible brown spots  Price:  $100   #G7  

Title of Print: "de Leger-Tocht der xii Stammen Israels onder de vier Hoost-Banieren."
Rough translation: "the Expeditionary Army of the 12 Tribes of Israel under the four
Chief-Banners"
Subject: The Israelites are marching with the Ark in front. Moses and Aaron are in front along with the bearers of the ark. Details such as wagons with oxen are impressive. The cloud is to the right, leading the camp. SCAN CROPS into image about .25" on each side.
Page Size:  6.25" x 12.5"  Image Size: 5.5" x 12"  Condition:   fine, dark, crisp image with 4 original folds; margin on left cropped (probably original); a small tear on on top margin.  #G1  SOLD
(There is a second example in fair condition PRICE $40 SOLD Click here for scan.)  

Title of Print: "den Tabernakel met synen Voorhof in opstal en Dienst."
Rough translation: "Tabernacle with the Forecourt in which structure the rituals are performed"
Subject: tabernacle with court and Holy of Holies; camps visible outside with people milling around; fine details typical of Luyken of ritual activities; nice details of posts, curtains, etc.
Mat Size:  11" x 12"  Image Size: 5" x 6.5"  Condition:  fine, rich impression; nicely matted  Price:  $85   #TA2 G3  Keywords: Exodus

Title of Print: "Leger-Ordening der xii Stammen met de Leviten rontsom den Tabernakel."
Rough translation: "the encampment of the 12 Tribes with the Levites around the Tabernakel."
Subject: The tabernacle is at the center of the Levite camp. People look down on the scene from two levels of hills in front. The arrangement is in an ordered square. There is a banner in each camp.
Page Size:  6.25" x 7.25"  Image Size: 5.25" x 6.5"  Condition:  very good, clear impression on clean page  Price:  $75   #G4  #TA11 Keywords: Exodus
Title of Print: "Leger-Ordening Israels volgens de meening der Ioden."
Rough translation: "the Israelite encampment according to the idea of the Jews."
Subject: The tabernacle is at the center of the Levite camp which is surrounded by the camps of the 12 tribes. Rivers come out from the area of the tabernacle. Men and cows look down on the scene from a hill in front. The arrangement is in an ordered rectangle or square. There is a banner in each camp.
Page Size:  6.25" x 7.25"  Image Size: 5.25" x 6.5"  Condition:  very good, clear impression with some age-typical browning  Price:  $75   #G2  #TA 12 Keywords: Exodus
Title of Print: "den Tabernakel van buyten en op zie aante zien."
Rough translation: "the Tabernakel with inside and outside visible."
Subject: The tabernacle is shown with its posts, rings, staves, impressions of how the posts fit into the bases, and, most importantly, the various overlapping levels of curtains including one with imprints of cherubim and palm tree.
Page Size:  4.25" x 5.5"  Image Size: 3.25" x 5"  Condition:  good, clear impression with inoffensive pencil writing in lower margin  Price:  $25   #G5  # TA9 Keywords: Exodus
Title of Print: "den Tabernakel van Binnen met d'ordening der Heyligdommen."
Rough translation: "the Tabernacle with the Inside showing the ordering of the Holy area."
Subject: The inside of the tabernacle is shown with a man raising the curtains, another attending the table of breads, with the menorah and incense altar, ant the like. The most important aspect, however, is the flap over the Holy of Holies. When it is lifted one sees the high priest tending the ark. This is a very early example of the use of a flap.
Page Size:  6.25" x 7"  Image Size: 5" x 6.5"  Condition:  very good, rich impression with age-typical browning Price:  $150   #G6  #TA8 Keywords: Exodus
Title of Print: "Uit-lesing vande Tienden der Kudde."
Rough translation: "Taking out of the tithe from the flock."
Subject: This is an example of a Dutch landscape engraving with a biblical topic. It is supposed to be Israelite shepherds tending their sheep. However it is as Dutch as it could be. SCAN LOSES RIGHT MARGIN
Page Size:  6" x 12.25"  Image Size: 5.25" x 11.25"  Condition:  beautiful, rich impression with age-typical browning and some creasing in margins  Price:  $100   #G8 
Title of Print: "de Toon-Tafel nader joden meening."
Rough translation: "the Tone-Table according to the Jew."
Subject: Angels are showing the plan for the table of bread to go inside the Tabernacle. The Tabernacle has been set up and there are men standing in its court-yard.
Page Size:  6.25" x 7"  Image Size: 5" x 6.5"  Condition:  very good, rich impression with age-typical browning; light pencil translation at the bottom  Price:  $30   #G9  Keywords: Exodus
Title of Print: "'t Verbranden vande Roode koe buyten't Leger Israels."
Rough translation: "The offering of the Red Heifer on the outskirts of the Israeli encampment."
Subject: The tribes of Israel surrounding the tabernacle over which the cloud is hovering. In the foreground is the burning of the Red Bull. The details are in accordance with Numbers 19 such as the the throwing the incense into the fire, the spreading of the ashes, etc.
Page Size:  6.5" x 12"  Image Size: 5.25" x 11.5"  Condition:  superb Price:  $100   #G10  Keywords: Numbers19 SOLD
Title of Print: "Davids Graf door Hyrcanus berooft."
Rough translation: "David's tomb ... [?]"
Subject: People bringing offerings to tomb of King David (?)
Page Size:  3.75" x 6.25"  Image Size: 3.25" x 5.25"  Condition: very good with some marginal browning (maybe a water stain at top margin)  Price:  $25   #G11  Keywords: Exodus
Title of Print: "Salving en Inwy-ing der Priesters."
Rough translation: "Annointing and Ordination of the Priests."
Subject: By the altar and the water basin the future priest is getting washed, dressed, and annointed..
Page Size:  3.75" x 6.25"  Image Size: 3.25" x 5.25"  Condition:  very good, clear impression with age-typical browning  Price:  $40   #G12  Keywords: Exodus
Title of Print: "'t Kopere Wasch-vat inden Voorhof des Tabernakels."
Rough translation: "the Copper Wash Basin in the Forecourt of the Tabernacle."
Subject: One version of the basin for purification seen in the fore-court with the tabernacle in the background.
Page Size:  3.75" x 6.25"  Image Size: 3.25" x 5.25"  Condition:  very good, crisp impression with age-typical browning  Price:  $25   #G13  Keywords: Exodus
Title of Print: "de Dudaim. Genesis. 30.14."
Rough translation: "the Mandrake [plant]."
Subject: Gen.30:14 "14. And Reuben went in the days of wheat harvest, and found mandrakes in the field, and brought them to his mother Leah. Then Rachel said to Leah, Give me, I beg you, of your sonís mandrakes. 15. And she said to her, Is it a small matter that you have taken my husband? and would you take away my sonís mandrakes also? And Rachel said, Therefore he shall lie with you to night for your sonís mandrakes. 16. And Jacob came from the field in the evening, and Leah went out to meet him, and said, You must come in to me; for I have hired you with my sonís mandrakes. And he lay with her that night."
Page Size:  3.75" x 6.25"  Image Size: 3.25" x 5.25"  Condition:  very good, crisp impression with age-typical browning Price:  $25   #G14  Keywords: Genesis30
Title of Print: "de Cherubinen in Verscheide Gedaante."
Rough translation: "the Cherubim in Different Shapes."
Subject: The cherubim from Ezekiel's vision. Here they have hooves as well as the wings, and the four faces. Also the turning wheels are shown as a sphere made up of the wheels with their eyes.
Page Size:  4" x 6.25"  Image Size: 3.25" x 5.25"  Condition:  good, crisp impression with age-typical browning  
#G15 SOLD
Title of Print: "Roomse Penningen na'tInnemen van Judea."
Rough translation: "Roman Medals after the Capture of Judea."
Subject: six Roman commenmorative [?] medals
Page Size:  3.75" x 6.25"  Image Size: 3.25" x 5.5"  Condition:  good impression with age-typical browning  Price:  $30   #G16  Keywords:
Title of Print: "de Goude Tafel der Toon-Brooden."
Rough translation: "the Gold Table of Tone[?] bread."
Subject: table with bread.
Page Size:  3.75" x 6.25"  Image Size: 3.25" x 5.25"  Condition:  good impression with age-typical browning and small worm[?] hole (almost unnoticeable) visible in scan  Price:  $25   #G17  Keywords: Exodus
Title of Print: "den Koperen Brand-Altaar."
Rough translation: "the Copper Fire-Altar."
Subject: A picture of the sacrificial altar of the tabernacle with priests making sacrifice of a bull and a bird.
Page Size:  6.25" x 7"  Image Size: 3" x 5"  Condition:  very good, crisp impression with age-typical browning  Price:  $35   #G18  Keywords: Exodus
Title of Print: "den Gouden Reuk Altaar."
Rough translation: "the Golden Incense Altar."
Subject: Aaron, the High Priest, with ephod, offering incense.
Page Size:  6.25" x 7"  Image Size: 3" x 5"  Condition:  good impression with age-typical browning and small worm [?] (almost unnoticeable) hole in top left image (visible in scan)  Price:  $25   #G19  Keywords: Exodus
Title of Print: Oprichting des Tabernakels inde Woestine door den Dienst der Leviten."
Rough translation: "the Setting Up of the Tabernacle in the Wilderness under the direction of the Levites."
Subject: Fantastic image of Moses drawing plan of the Tabernacle (as it was seen by him on Sinai) while the workers are building it in the background.
Page Size:  6.25" x 12"  Image Size: 5.75" x 12"  Condition:  very good impression with age-typical browning but also with two margin tears (one repaired by old tape), a paper clip rust mark visible in lower right margin and a little bit in upper right image; cropped a bit too close on right and left but not into image or border (part of right margin folded over); some unpleasant effects unless framed where almost none of the defects would be noticeable -- nevertheless, price lowered accordingly; all defects visible in scan but SCAN CUTS OFF part of right and left margins   #G20  #TA10 Keywords: Exodus --SOLD